Gum disease is silent, so it’s important to get a professional to check for signs regularly. As with any disease, if caught early it is much easier treat, with better results.
Gum disease is a condition where the tissues surrounding the teeth (periodontium) have become inflamed due to bacteria. The primary cause of gum disease is plaque. Plaque is a film that surrounds the tooth and it is composed mainly of various types of bacteria, which stick to your teeth and roots over and below the gum line. Plaque begins to form within minutes after brushing and flossing and if it is not removed daily with good oral hygiene plaque hardens into calculus (or tartar). Calculus can only be removed with a professional cleaning or periodontal treatment.
Periodontitis is a common problem amongst adults and is a major cause of tooth loss. It is therefore advisable to see periodontal specialists as soon as the problem is detected. The earlier the periodontitis is treated, the higher the chance of keeping your own teeth in your mouth for longer.